By Spy Uganda
Kampala: Ugandans engaged in the agricultural sector are poised to receive stimulus packages following the approval of a request authorising the government to guarantee Uganda Development Bank (UDB) to borrow US$65 million.
Parliament approved a request to authorize the government to guarantee UDB to borrow US$15 million from the European Investment Bank, US$10 million from Islamic Trade Finance Corporation, US$20 million from OPEC Fund for International Development and US$20 million from the Arab Bank for Economic Development.
Presenting the report on the request, during the plenary sitting on 21 April 2021, the Chairperson of the Committee on National Economy, Hon Syda Bbumba said the funds are being deployed in agriculture, manufacturing and agro-industrial sectors.
She added that the bank only received funding to implement a component of the government stimulus package which was specifically to mitigate and support the faster recovery of the economy from the negative impacts caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
“UDB has not received any funding to bail out struggling businesses and funding received was not meant to be given out as package or grant to struggling businesses,” she said.
MPs welcomed the loan but raised concern over the high-interest rate of 13 per cent arguing that it is not favourable for farmers who are already struggling to stay in the sector.
“If I can borrow an example from the agricultural banks in Thailand if you are a community and you are borrowing, the interest is 0.01 per cent and if you are an individual, the maximum interest rate is 6 per cent. These are factors we need to consider if we want to empower our people,” said Hon. Lawrence Songa (NRM, Ora County).
Adjumani District Woman Representative, Hon Jessica Ababiku, said that while Ugandans have been yearning for such a loan to boost farmers, the majority of the borrowers will be constrained to borrow because of the high interest rate.
“The interest rate needs to be reduced because the majority of borrowers are constrained by capital. If we say the interest rate is at 13 per cent, it will not help the small borrowers; it will only be advantageous to huge borrowers,” said Ababiku.
Hon Jack Wamanga-Wamai (FDC, Mbale Municipality) said that the high-interest rates demotivate Ugandans from venturing into the agricultural sector.
“Government should attract people to engage in agriculture by giving loans with low interest rates. When you keep interest rates high, people will shun agriculture and come to the city to look for white-collar jobs,” said Wamanga-Wamai.
The Leader of the Opposition, Hon Betty Aol Ocan expressed concern about local farmers who cannot afford loans with high-interest rates.
“These loans go to those who are already established and yet the majority of our farmers are still in subsistence farming. They cannot access loans with high-interest rates,” Aol Ocansaid.
Hon. Gilbert Olanya (FDC, Kilak South County) asked the government to ease the accessibility of the loan to farmers upcountry by opening branches countrywide.
“UDB should liaise with other banks in the districts because it becomes difficult for farmers upcountry to travel to the city to process the loan,” said Olanya.
Hon Syda Bbumba said that the high-interest rate is attributed to the cost of borrowing the loan. She also told the MPs that UDB does not work directly with consumers but through government-owned banks including Pride Microfinance, Housing Finance and Post Bank.