By Spy Uganda Correspondent
The Sudanese military has launched an offensive against Ethiopian forces along the contested al-Fashaga border with Ethiopia, after the alleged execution of seven soldiers and a civilian ratcheted up tensions between the countries.
Conflict in fertile al-Fashaga, which is claimed by both Khartoum and Addis Ababa, occasionally flares up but has been largely dormant this year as Sudan’s authorities consolidate their rule following an October military coup, while Ethiopia remains embroiled in a brutal civil war.
However, the Sudanese military said on Sunday that seven of its soldiers and a civilian had been executed by Ethiopian forces in Amhara across the border. Sudan said the men were seized in Sudanese territory and brought to Ethiopia last week.
The deaths and claims have sparked military, political and diplomatic escalation, with Ethiopia denying it was responsible for the killings and accusing Sudan of cooperating with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), which the Ethiopian government is at war with.
On Monday evening, clashes between Sudanese and Ethiopian forces were ongoing in al-Fashaga, and Sudan summoned Ethiopia’s ambassador and made a formal complaint to the UN Security Council.
Sources revealed that clashes were witnessed in various areas of the “small al-Fashaga” region that borders Ethiopia’s Amhara state. Fighting reached the areas of Abu Tyour, al-Asira Galia al-Uban, Birkat Nourain and Gumaiza, they said.
A land spanning over one million acres, al-Fashaga sits between the eastern bank of the Atbara river and the western bank of the Salami river, known as the Tekeze river in Ethiopia.
The region, which was declared as Sudanese in a 1902 agreement between Ethiopian emperor Menelik II and Sudan’s British colonial authorities, has long witnessed disputes and battles between the two countries, especially among farmers.
Though Sudan said the soldiers and the civilian were seized on 22 June, an eyewitness said that the incident happened the day before, when a Sudanese patrol near the al-Fashaga village of al-Asirra came under attack.
Abdullah said the men were captured, taken to Ethiopia and then killed. Their corpses were mutilated, he said. Images purported to be the bodies of the slain soldiers have been circulated online.
However, the eyewitness said the Sudanese had been killed in al-Asirra before being taken to Ethiopia.
“The Sudanese army patrol in al-Asirra village fell to an ambush by the Ethiopian forces, but they unfortunately took the bodies of the soldiers to the Ethiopian territories and took photos of them and sent them through social media,” the source, who asked for anonymity for security reasons, said.
Ethiopia’s foreign ministry said the “tragic incident” occurred within Ethiopian territory after Sudanese troops supported by “TPLF elements” staged an attack. It asked Sudan to practice restraint.
An Ethiopian official said that the Sudanese claims were “propaganda to cover its hidden intelligence war against Ethiopia”.
The source, who is an official in the Amhara region and spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to speak to the media, said Sudan is trying to conceal its support for the TPLF, which has been at war with the Ethiopian government since November 2020, the month Sudan seized territory from Ethiopia, including al-Fashaga.
“The reason behind this disastrous incident is that a unit from the Sudanese army crossed the borders into Ethiopia without clear reason and cashed with a local militia,” the official said.
“We believed that the Sudanese forces have crossed the border with the help of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front rebels, and this was a serious violation and direct intervention in the domestic issues of Ethiopia itself.”